I will be talking about five tips that you need to know to get sharp images as a beginner photographer you might be struggling to get sharp images and no matter what you try you’re not finding the correct solution the reason is you don’t know what is the exact problem so here, I will be discussing all the problems and how to fix that to get sharp images.
the first tip I’m going to talk about is focusing now imagine if your subject is not in focus doesn’t matter which mode you are shooting in what are the camera settings you won’t get sharp images so what is the point of making images that are not in focus so it is very important to nail the focus each and every time to get sharp images.
Now this might seem like a very simple tip but actually it is not there are different focusing modes for different situations if you’re using an incorrect focusing mode for a particular situation there are chances that your camera will miss the focus and then doesn’t matter what you do in a camera settings in post-processing your images won’t be sharp so most of the times I am using autofocus single focusing mode where I use a single focusing point and then I tell the camera that this is the subject I move the focusing point I focus on the subject and then I take the image 9 out of 10 times.
I used this focusing mode and it is very reliable now there are different focusing modes such as group autofocus wide area autofocus depending on which camera you are using you have to see what works for your camera the best and use that particular focusing mode.
I would highly recommend if your subject is stationary use single point autofocus on the other hand if the subject is continuously moving you have to track the subject otherwise your images won’t be in focus even in autofocus continuous there are different modes depending on the camera you are using. I would highly recommend to read your camera’s manual and decide which focusing mode should you use make sure you are very thorough with all the focusing modes data present in the camera and always name them in your images.
The next thing I’m going to talk about is the shutter speed now you might know that the shutter speed controls the amount of light reaching the camera sensor what shutter speed also controls is the motion of your images now if the subject is continuously moving and you’re using a slower shutter speed you won’t get a sharp image if the subject is moving and you want to freeze the motion you have to use a faster shutter speed.
On the other hand, if you want to show the motion if you want that motion blur using a slower shutter speed is recommended so depending on the subject and the kind of motion you want your image set your shutter speed accordingly.
If you’re using a very slow shutter speed chances are that there can be a bit of shake in your images again you have to use a faster shutter speed just make sure that there is no shake in your image and your shooting sharper images.
The next thing I’m going to talk about is aperture now aperture controls the depth of field and depending on the depth of field you have to set the appropriate aperture when you’re shooting portraits you might want that shallow depth of field you only want the subject to be in focus most probably the eyes of the subject so when you are dealing with extremely shallow depth of field.
Maybe if you’re shooting at F 1.4 1.8 or 2.8 you have to make sure that you’re nailing your focus at the eyes because if you’re not then your eyes won’t be in focus and as I said before nailing the focus is very important for getting sharp images now that was about portraits and when you’ve worn that shallow depth of field.
What about when you’re shooting street photography or landscapes and you have a lot of depth of field and you want everything to be in focus that time you have to use a smaller aperture now smaller aperture will make sure that everything is in focus.
Every lens has its sweet spot what do I mean by sweet spot meaning at that particular aperture the lens will give the show best results like for example the lengths I’m using produces the sharpest results from F/5.6 to f/8 so for most of the landscape images I use f/8 as my aperture.
If I’m shooting a scene which has a lot of depth and I want more depth then I go to f/10 or f/14 I don’t go below f/14 because, if you’re shooting at an aperture something like f/16 or f/22 you will lose sharpness every lens produce sharper images at a particular aperture range again you have to do your research and see what aperture works best for your lenses make sure you using a proper aperture for the kind of depth of field you want if you’re using a proper aperture combined with the proper shutter speed then you will get very sharp images all.
Now let’s talk about the next step that is the I assume you know that increasing or decreasing the ISO makes your image brighter or darker but when you’re shooting at higher ISO you will see that there are a lot of noise in the image and when you have a lot of noise and grains in your image the images don’t look sharp so whenever it is possible to try to use a lower.
ISO most of the times you will be shooting at a higher ISO even if it’s not necessary to make sure unless and until it is necessary to increase the ISO don’t do it shooting at a lower ISO will give you sharper images.
the last tip that is post processing in post-processing when you’re sharpening you have to take care of a lot of things the first thing I see is what I so I’m shooting at if I’m shooting at higher ISOs I won’t sharpen my images a lot because it will introduce much more noise if I’m shooting at a lower ISO maybe at ISO 100 I have the confidence that if I still increase my sharpening up to an extent I won’t get much more noise.
So always see what ISO you’re shooting at and according to that set you’re sharpening now I’m using Adobe Lightroom whichever editing software you’re using we’ll have similar options might be with different names so once you increase your sharpening now you have to get rid of the noise for that luminance slider is helpful when you’re increasing luminance you’re increasing the softness and getting rid of the noise but make sure since you’re getting rid of the noise you’re increasing the softness and the sharpness is getting affected there’s a sweet spot of the sharpening and noise reduction which will give you the best results you have to experiment a bit and see what works best for your images.
one more thing that is important while sharpening your images is masking in Adobe Lightroom when you hold the off button and you move the masking slider you will see certain parts in black which are not getting sharpened like for example the sky I don’t want the sky to be sharpened because there is no texture and it is just adding noise so I will make sure those areas are in black so I get noise-free images but still I have sharpened my images.
Now when I’m using Photoshop I mostly use a high-pass filter I create a duplicate layer and I create a high-pass filter and set the blending mode to overlay and once I’m happy with it I then mask out the areas which I don’t want to be sharpened so this is how I sharpen my images in Lightroom and Photoshop I hope these tips were helpful and this will help you to get sharp images.
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